31Days of Fruits & Vegetables – Bosc Pears
Belgium or French? The origin seems to be a mystery since it was discovered in the early 1800s. During the time, it was known that the Pear was named after M. Bosc who was the Director of the Paris Botanical Gardens. The Bosc pear was also named Calabasse Bosc, which refers to the fruit’s gourd-shape. In Europe, Bosc pears are also known in some parts as Beurre d’Appremont, named after a French town.
Here in the United States, the history of Bosc Pears is more certain. The variety was first planted in 1832 or 1833, and those trees first bore fruit in 1836. The first plantings were done in the eastern U.S., on large estate orchards and later commercial orchards. Now Bosc is grown largely in the Northwest, as the trees were found to thrive best in the soil and climate of the Pacific Northwest states of Oregon and Washington.
Bosc pears stand out for many reasons. Their long, curved stem and elegant, elongated neck that widens gradually to a full rounded base, creates a silhouette that is unique among pears. Bosc is also unique for their color: a warm cinnamon brown with russeting over the surface of the skin.
Russeting is a natural appearance for Bosc. The russeting may cover the entire surface of the pear or it may just be seen over a small portion of the skin. In fact, many artists feature the russeted Bosc pear in their paintings, drawings, and photography because of the natural beauty it imparts.
Health benefits include weight loss, cardiovascular disease, cholesterol, diabetes, digestion, and detox.